An information technology consultant (IT consultant) is an individual that provides advice, guidelines and a road map for sourcing, utilizing and managing IT assets and resources. An IT consultant provides organizations with best practices for using IT solutions and services for their business objectives and in solving their problems.
An IT consultant helps organizations with:
Understanding and analyzing the IT requirements of the organization and the underlying environment
Advising IT solutions and services based on requirements
Managing and supervising the implementation process
Helping organizations and employees with the change management process
An IT consultant usually works independently, however they may also be affiliated with an IT consultancy or professional services firm.